Ottoman (Direkli) Mosque

HKFK-04-S1

The excavation works continued in some ruins among the residential areas to the north of the Salihiye Gardens. Three various superimposed architectural remains belonging to different periods were uncovered in an area of 18.00 x 17.00 m, lacking any plan along with graves from later period.

To the north of the courtyard lies a vaulted structure extending in the east-west direction and overlaid by a top structure. Intense number of graves were found starting from the second layer during the removal of debris in the excavation area.

The uppermost layer revealed a son cemaat yeri (vestibule/narthex) of a late period Ottoman Mosque with vaulted rooms underlying it . Two in-situ column bases and foundation remains overlaid by a floor covering suggest that the vestibule had three arch spans and the mosque had a transverse plan . The main building of the mosque has been destroyed after being partly included in a road that was recently constructed while partly left in a garden across the road. The architectural material which have been destroyed and scattered around suggest a qualified workmanship as well as an elegant architecture in elements such as doors and windows adorned with ornamental works of the period.

A clay waterpipe extending to the west was found in the middle of the small courtyard where the vestibule opens into. However, it was not possible to determine the course of these pipes since they were damaged by the overlaying graves. Furthermore, a well was uncovered in front of the ruined wall to the west of the courtyard.

The excavations in this area which is presently surrounded by dwellings were terminated following documentation and identification of construction phases. The surrounding area was taken under protection by dry masonry with no mortar.

During the excavation works at the site “Salihiye l”, an extensive amount of glazed ceramic sherds, corroded coins with indefinable period and inscription parts were uncovered.

It is important since it is the only building with columns among others in the architecture of Hasankeyf.