Bridge Pier


The work at the pier of the bridge has been initiated in 2006 as a sounding, and then continued with excavations.

A grid was set up in the area of 25.00 x 25.00 m to initiate the excavations, which yielded a total of 15 interconnected structures, 8 extending in the north-south direction and 7 in the east-west direction .

Probably built for a crowded family or a tribe, the dwellings were constructed using rubble stones cemented with mud mortar. Cas mortar was identified in the walls of structures in grids C1-C2-D1-D2 and A5-B5 . The floors are of stone and rammed earth. Cas mortar was used only in the floor of the structure in trench A5-B5. The most sound wall which was uncovered during the excavations is 1.40 m high. None of the structures uncovered had a window opening. This suggests that the natural source of light was from the top cover (roof?). No information is available about the top cover except the structures in trenches A5-B5. The water pipes (pöhrenk) indicates that the top cover was vaulted.

Three buildings in the trenches A5-B5,C5-D5 and E3 have an oven system, and thus they were probably used as kitchens. No finding is available on the function of other structures.

The group of buildings called the Bridge Pier seems to be the product of a society who shifted from a nomadic way of life to a permanent settlement and whose livelihood was sustained by animal husbandry. Since such a settlement with evidence of an overall setup and design dating back to the Neolithic Age was probably shaped around the 19th century, it was humorously called the 19th Century Neolithic by the excavation team, and it was also referred in the same way in the media.