Assyrian Settlement Area


The Assyrian Settlement Area lies approximately 1,5 km to the east of Hasankeyf, 400 m to the north of the Tigris River, and 325 m to the northwest of the Hasankeyf Mound. Dwellings were constructed on terrace-like plains that have about 1 to 3 m differences in levels, expanding onto an area of approximately 6.400 m2 . To the north of the settlement rises a church while there is a cemetery on the south. The area is surrounded by agricultural fields.

It has been concluded that the settlement which apparently passed into other hands several times was a village with a square and row housings including courtyards attached to each other where large groups of families sheltered. The staircases observed in some of the single-story housing units should have been used for climbing on the terrace during summer time rather than a second-story because the construction technique and material of the first storey are not strong enough to bear a second story. Some buildings were plastered using cas mortar. No decoration was observed. The courtyards include small watering holes to allow animals drink water as well as tandoors. Simple arches were identified in a group of buildings to the east of the village. This group is believed to represent a caravanserai or leisure center .

The structure built on a higher field to the north of the village is a chapel consisting of a single nave . The cover and almost half of the walls have been demolished. It appears that the building underwent a second phase of construction, where the location of door and windows were changed and the apse was closed, and the new smaller building was plastered with a thick layer of cas . There are a few graves and a water well near the chapel. The walls enclosing the courtyard were completely removed, and used as an agricultural field.