Artuqid Pavilion


In the Salihiye Gardens, remains of only one building may represent an example to the “iwan with cascaded fountains” of Hasankeyf pavilions. Some sections of the iwan and enclosed spaces on both sides of the pavilion leaning against the mountain slope from south to north have survived to the present day .

The iwan wall of pavilion surrounded densely by fruit trees has a water channel where the source goes back to Karaköy, and a tiny niche from which water springs forth with a basin in front. The niche arches are decorated with two dragon figures facing each other, but the Kufic inscription in Ma’kili order has almost completely faded away. The water springs forth from the niche into the basin with pressure, and then makes spirals, jetting from the basin through a hole. Since the vault of the iwan has collapsed, the niches on sidal walls and the floor covering have remained under the ruins.

The Artuqid Pavilion that was unearthed during the 2009 campaign represents a very important example of its period with its qualified masonry and monumental iwan structure . The tiny niches on both sides of the cascaded fountain in the monumental iwan, and the channel built with regular stones extending along the iwan have an extraordinary view . Besides, a masjid attached to the east of the iwan by raising the ground, a small hammam to the west and perches look like a small complex designed as a summer residence .

With its elaborate masonry, selsebil, epitaph with a kufic inscription, motifs of dragons, and geometric ornamentations, the iwan reflects typical features of the Artuqid architecture of the period.

It has been found out during the 2005-2006 campaign that the iwan-selsebil and pool connection in this building was imititated in the pavilions of the Ottoman Period in Kasımiye with poor material and inelaborate masonry. Similar examples of the plan scheme and architectural style of the Artuqid Pavilion can be seen in pavilions built in late periods in Diyarbakır, Mardin, Urfa and Silvan. Furthermore, these schemes of iwan, selsebil and pool were developed and used particularly in the social complexes in the region apart from civil architecture.